WHAT ACTUALLY HAPPENS WHEN A CONCUSSION IS SUSTAINED?
When a person suffers a concussion, the brain shifts inside the skull and can collide with the skull’s bony surface. This results in a temporary disruption of energy utilization in the brain. There may be no direct trauma to the head and the concussed athlete often remains conscious. In fact, 4 out of 5 professional athletes do not even know that they have been concussed (Delaney et al, CJSM 2001). A concussion is not typically a visible injury, so it is important to share information regarding symptoms with your family and health care providers. After a concussion, the brain becomes more vulnerable to the effects of subsequent injury, which may result in more severe problems.
WHAT ARE THE SYMTOMS OF A CONCUSSION?
- Nausea with or without vomiting
- Headache or feeling of pressure in the head
- Confusion, disorientation or amnesia
- Feeling mentally slowed down or “foggy”
- Sensitivity to light or sound
- Clumsiness / balance disruption
WHEN SHOULD I GO TO THE HOSPITAL?
- Loss of consciousness
- Severe headache that continues to increase in intensity
- Pronounced decline in mental status in the minutes to hours following injury
- Sensory or motor loss in the limbs
WHAT TO DO AFTER A CONCUSSION:
- Rest and monitor symptoms for warning signs below
- Avoid bright lights, loud noise, electronics or focused activity such as reading
- Avoid alcohol or drugs not prescribed by a doctor
- Book a post-concussion Assessment
If you have sustained a concussion, please contact our reception staff at (780)430-9224 to book a Concussion Assessment.
For more information, contact our Concussion team:
Nic Allen, Concussion Program Coordinator; firstname.lastname@example.org
Mike Saunders, Concussion Program Assistant & Vision Training Lead; email@example.com